Отмена вышестоящим налоговым органом решения инспекции о привлечении лица к ответственности не исключает штраф

Евгений Шелест

Отмена вышестоящим налоговым органом решения инспекции о привлечении лица к ответственности не исключает штраф
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Довод общества о том, что в случае отмены вышестоящим налоговым органом решений налоговой инспекции, оно не может быть привлечено к налоговой ответственности, признан ошибочным (постановление Арбитражного суда Московского округа от 18 декабря 2018 г. № А40 – 16571/2018).

Налоговая инспекция направила юрлицу требование о представлении документов по взаимоотношениям с контрагентом. В связи с тем, что документы были не представлены, налоговый орган вынес решение о привлечении организации к ответственности за совершение налогового правонарушения по п. 2 ст. 126 Налогового кодекса в виде штрафа 10 тыс. руб. На данное решение общество подало жалобу, по результатам рассмотрения которой инспекция вынесла новое решение и уменьшила штраф в 8 раз. Но, посчитав свои права нарушенными, юрлицо обратилось с жалобой в Управление на оба решения нижестоящего налогового органа. В ходе рассмотрения жалобы Управление ФНС России по субъекту Федерации выявило нарушения процедуры привлечения к налоговой ответственности, допущенные налоговой инспекцией.

Есть ли ограничения по количеству требований о представлении документов (информации), которые могут направляться налоговым органом? Узнайте из материала «Истребование налоговым органом документов и информации у третьих лиц (встречные проверки)» в «Энциклопедии решений. Налоги и взносы» интернет-версии системы ГАРАНТ. Получите полный доступ на 3 дня бесплатно!

А именно, юрлицу не обеспечена возможность участия в их рассмотрении. На основании рассмотренных материалов и документов, Управление отменило решения инспекции и приняло новое решение о привлечении лица к ответственности в виде штрафа 10 тыс. руб. (п. 2 ст. 126, п. 3, абз.2 п. 5 ст. 140 НК РФ). Суды трех инстанций согласились с Управлением в том, что его решение не привело к дополнительным взысканиям, кроме предусмотренных п. 2 ст. 126 НК РФ и не ухудшило положение общества. Таким образом, права и законные интересы не могут быть признаны нарушенными.

По результатам рассмотрения дела кассационный суд оставил без изменения решение суда первой инстанции и постановление суда апелляционной инстанции, а кассационную жалобу – без удовлетворения.

Источник: garant.ru

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