Изменен порядок расчета прожиточного минимума и МРОТ

Елена Самтынова

Изменен порядок расчета прожиточного минимума и МРОТ
 mizar_219842 / Depositphotos.com

С 1 января 2021 года вступит в силу закон, согласно которому изменится методика исчисления МРОТ и прожиточного минимума. Теперь они будут рассчитываться исходя из медианного дохода (это величина дохода, относительно которой у половины населения доходы выше, а у половины – ниже). Прожиточный минимум будет устанавливаться с учетом медианного дохода, а МРОТ – с учетом медианной заработной платы (Федеральный закон от 29 декабря 2020 г. № 473-ФЗ).

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Согласно поправкам в Федеральный закон от 19 июня 2000 г. № 82-ФЗ «О минимальном размере оплаты труда» соотношение МРОТ и медианной заработной платы в 2021 году составит 42%. МРОТ не может быть ниже величины прожиточного минимума трудоспособного населения в целом по РФ. С 1 января 2021 года МРОТ будет равен 12 792 руб. в месяц (на сегодня – 12 130 руб.).

Изменения в Федеральный закон от 24 октября 1997 г. № 134-ФЗ «О прожиточном минимуме в Российской Федерации» предусматривают, что соотношение величины прожиточного минимума на душу населения в целом по РФ и величины медианного среднедушевого дохода за предыдущий год с 2021 года устанавливается в размере 44,2%. Это соотношение будет пересматриваться не реже одного раза в 5 лет.

Источник: garant.ru

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