Президент РФ подписал закон о переводе трудовых книжек в электронный формат

Наталья Ключевская

Президент РФ подписал закон о переводе трудовых книжек в электронный формат
everythingposs / Depositphotos.com

Федеральный закон от 16 декабря 2019 г. № 439-ФЗ «О внесении изменений в Трудовой кодекс Российской Федерации в части формирования сведений о трудовой деятельности в электронном виде» предусматривает постепенный переход к формированию основной информации о трудовой деятельности и трудовом стаже работника в электронном виде вместо бумажных трудовых книжек.

Документом конкретизирован порядок формирования и хранения сведений о трудовой деятельности работников в электронном виде. В частности, установлены:

обязанность работодателей начиная с 1 января 2020 года формировать в электронном виде сведения о трудовой деятельности каждого работника;необходимость представлять указанные сведения в информационную систему ПФР;состав сведений о трудовой деятельности работника, формируемых в электронном виде (сведения о месте работы, трудовой функции, переводах на другую постоянную работу и увольнении с указанием основания и причины);возможность получения работниками переданных в ПФР сведений о своей трудовой деятельности в ПФР, в МФЦ, через портал госуслуг, непосредственно у работодателя по последнему месту работы (за период работы у него);обязанность формирования сведений о трудовой деятельности лиц, впервые поступающих на работу после 31 декабря 2020 года, только в электронном виде (без оформления трудовых книжек на них);возможность продолжения ведения работодателями трудовых книжек тех работников, которые были приняты на работу до 31 декабря 2020 года, наряду с формированием в электронном виде сведений об их трудовой деятельности;обязанность работников не позднее 31 декабря 2020 года подать работодателю письменное заявление о продолжении ведения трудовой книжки либо о предоставлении им в дальнейшем сведений о трудовой деятельности в электронном виде;сохранение за работником, подавшим письменное заявление о продолжении ведения трудовой книжки, права на ее ведение и при последующем трудоустройстве к другим работодателям, а также права в любое время отказаться от ее ведения и т. д.

Согласно поправкам работодатели должны в первом полугодии 2020 года (до 30 июня включительно) уведомить каждого работника в письменной форме о внесенных в ТК РФ изменениях и о праве выбрать – продолжать вести трудовую книжку или предоставлять сведения о трудовой деятельности в электронной форме.

В выпущенной в начале декабря памятке Госдумы, посвященной принятому в третьем чтении закону, отмечались преимущества вносимых поправок. В частности, электронные трудовые книжки призваны избавить бизнес, отделы кадров компаний от излишних трудозатрат. Кроме того, они помогут минимизировать риск потери работниками сведений о своем трудовом стаже, освободить их от обязанности самим заниматься восстановлением данных о том, где и сколько они работали. «В ситуации, когда вследствие реорганизации или ликвидации организации работник не может подтвердить свой стаж, уйдут в прошлое», – подчеркивалось в материале.

Федеральный закон вступит в силу с 1 января 2020 года.

Источник: garant.ru

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